e-Juku is an online skill-building program, in which students translate the same short text, refine it based on input from checkers who are native speakers of the source language, and receive feedback from veteran translators who are native speakers of the target language. This all takes place via a web-based forum and e-mails over one or two months
If you wish to participate in the next session, please send an email to e-Juku Committee.
You can’t get opportunities like this anywhere else... it is enormously valuable for newbies.
It's been a remarkable experience for me.
eJuku has been a truly eye-opening and educational experience for me, and I also enjoyed it very much.
I joined JAT without knowing that such learning opportunities existed, and it made me very glad that I did join.
Checker & Coordinator
An Overview of JAT’s eJuku Program
JAT (Japan Association of Translators) is committed to catering to the needs of its membership. One of the most frequent requests is for JAT to offer translator training programs. In addition to the regular monthly meetings and IJET (International Japanese-English Translation) and other conferences, which offer a variety of training opportunities for practicing translators, JAT launched a program in 2009 specifically designed to give novice translators hands-on introductory training in the art of translation. JAT officers who worked on this program in its initial years, including Fred Uleman, Helen Iwata and Jeremy Whipple, gave it the moniker 'eJuku'.
As of this writing, a total of 15 sessions have been held with 101 participants, as shown below. Nos. 2 and 7 were E-to-J sessions. Nos. 5 and 12 had two back-to-back sessions.
Past eJuku sessions at a glance
( ) indicates the number of participants
No.1 J>E 1 October 2009 (3)
No.2 E>J 1 January 2010 (3)
No.3 J>E 2 February 2010 (3)
No.4 J>E 3 November 2011 (3)
No.5 J>E 4 April 2012 (5)(4)
No.6 J>E 5 October 2012 (8)
No.7 E>J 2 August 2013 (5)
No.8 J>E 6 September 2013 (5)
No.9 J>E 7 September 2014 (8)
No.10 J>E 8 March 2015 (7)
No.11 J>E 9 February 2016 (7)
No.12 J>E 10 April 2017 (8)(9)
No.13 J>E 11 March 2018 (8)
No.14 J>E 12 March 2019 (6)
No.15 J>E 13 April 2020 (9)
The current eJuku team is composed of three veteran wordsmiths—JA (Jeremy Angel), RS (Richard Sadowsky) and SY (Shu Yamakawa)—who have been involved in the most recent 11 J>E sessions, working with a total of 87 participants. JA and RS are native speakers of English representing its British and US varieties, respectively, while SY is a native speaker of Japanese acting as coordinator, checker, and linguistic expert on the Japanese side.
When it was first started, eJuku was strictly a document-based training workshop. The “students” translated the source text into English and emailed their work to the checker for review in terms of source text comprehension. The students then submitted their revised draft to the “teachers” for their comments from the viewpoint of translation. Based on the teacher feedback, they could choose to finalize their translation. Questions and answers between the teachers and students were limited in volume and depth.
The current JA/RS/SY team followed basically the same approach when it first took over from the program's predecessors in 2011. The session went very well, but the three on the team nevertheless felt a keen need for greater interaction between the students and teachers, as well as among the students themselves. One-way classroom teaching could impart to the students some fragments of knowledge, but was limited in helping them develop as translators. After some introspection, the team came up with the current format.
- The participants (not “students”) should be given the opportunity to learn what translation is all about in a heuristic manner through peer-to-peer discussion with occasional help coming from the mentors (not “teachers”).
- To ensure private, open-minded, and candid exchanges of opinion, a private discussion forum was provisioned as a project in JAT's Basecamp communication system.
- For enhancing the interpersonal aspect of the program, two videoconferences were scheduled to be held — usually at the beginning and in the middle of the session, recently expanded to five. (Note: The latest session now uses Zoom meetings.)
A typical session looks like this:
Spring 2020 schedule (Actual)
April 4, Saturday: Spring 2020 eJuku officially announced
April 11, Saturday: Call closed
April 18, Saturday: Applicants notified of results
April 22, Wednesday: Forum set up on Basecamp
April 25, Saturday: 1st videoconference & forum discussion
May 4, Monday: Translation submitted
May 9, Saturday: 2nd videoconference & forum discussion
May 16, Saturday: 3rd videoconference & forum discussion
May 23, Saturday: 4th videoconference & additional discussion
May 30, Saturday: Bonus videoconference and wrap-up
Forum kept read-only for one week
Questionnaire distributed and responded
June 6, Saturday: Forum closed
At the start of the discussion period, one of the mentors creates and uploads an Excel file dividing the source text into sentences or other sensible sections, with the participants’ translations for each section listed below, so that participants have access to each other’s attempts (and most recently, the mentors' versions, as well) from the first day of discussion. During the forum discussion period, the team members — the two mentors plus the coordinator — access the forum regularly but try to allow the participants to discuss their translations amongst themselves. They will also join in to share their thoughts in the message board discussion, as deemed appropriate, making necessary comments to assure lively discussions among the participants. The participants not only learn from each other, but soon see the solutions provided by the more experienced translators. This methodology allows participants to analyze everything and develop the skill to translate on their own, rather than simply to be handed answers.
The source text used in a typical J>E session is a general, non-technical passage (usually about 400-600 characters in length) chosen by one of the mentors from real-world situations. Proper names and other details are purposely changed to mask the origins of the text. The most recent session featured two separate, shorter passages, and in the future, participants may be asked to translate a passage in the middle of the session to apply what they have so far learned.
During the entire period of an eJuku session, the participants can ask the mentors any career-related questions, as well as any general translation questions which are not directly related to the source text. The real-time video conferences seem to be an ideal venue for this kind of conversation. (The videoconferences are recorded for those unable to participate.)
As a matter of principle, eJuku is free, with participants contributing nothing but their time and enthusiasm. The only other requirement is that they join JAT if they are not already members. Team members, too, receive no monetary compensation for the time they spend on eJuku activities, but the rewards of participation are great enough to keep them going. They are committed to, and enjoy, helping people to learn and develop their skills and careers.
As a measure of how busy things can get, 430 messages were exchanged during the discussion period of the Spring 2019 eJuku based on a source text of only 683 characters.
Toward the end of each session, the coordinator distributes a questionnaire to get feedback from the participants. On a scale of 1 to 7, with 7 being the best, the session regularly receives 6s and 7s. The JAT website page on eJuku includes a few of these favorable testimonials. Although the organizers are always looking for ways to improve eJuku, participants often agree that it was an excellent learning experience.
It takes a long time for a novice translator to become a seasoned practitioner. No attempts have yet been made to follow up on the movements of the former participants. Interestingly, however, some former participants have become very active JAT members serving on various committees.
eJuku embodies an altruistic spirit—the belief in the value of learning, the joy of teaching and learning from each other, and growing together—and this philosophy can certainly be applicable in other environments as well. There are now special interest groups such as JATPHARMA and JATLAW that hold their own meetings and workshops.
5. Next eJuku session
Timing: The Spring 2020 eJuku session was completed at the end of May 2020. There is no specific plan for the next one, although we have been holding them once a year in spring for the last three years. When a plan is made, an announcement will be carried on the JAT Website. The window of application may be quite short. If you are interested in participating in eJuku, keep watching the JAT Website for news and information.
Eligibility: Basic requirements for participation in a J-to-E eJuku session include:
1. JAT membership (non-members required to join JAT after being selected as eJuku participants)
2. Native or near-native English proficiency (eJuku is a place for polishing already flawless English)
3. Ideally no more than a couple of years' experience as a professional translator
4. High motivation to learn and pledge to participate actively in the planned videoconferences and daily forum discussions